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Argument Against Euthanasia - Free Essays, Term …
Note that the pro-euthanasia lobby has made much of its gains by deliberately confusing lawmakers and the public by blurring the lines between direct and passive euthanasia and a natural death. It is essential for anti-euthanasia activists to know these terms intimately, or they will be confused and ineffective in their efforts.
• Natural death means to allow a person to die in comfort and peace by withholding aggressive treatment that would only cause pain and lengthen the person's lifespan by a very modest or insignificant amount. Note that, if the same treatment were withheld from a person whose lifespan would be greatly lengthened by it, such action would instead be passive euthanasia. Examples of this type of euthanasia would be the thousands of infanticides committed each year in this country by withholding food and water from handicapped newborns who would otherwise have lived long lives.
1100 words essay on Euthanasia- Mercy Killing
We can see that euthanasia is expanding relentlessly and effortlessly, just as abortion did twenty years ago. We began our euthanasia 'program' with a few extreme cases allowing those in extreme agony, days from dying, to pass away peacefully and passively and now, we annually have thousands of handicapped newborns dying of neglect and many more thousands of elderly secretly 'put away' by our doctors and nursing homes.
Accepting that there is a distinction between active and passive euthanasia will result in decisions about life and death being made on irrelevant grounds. Rachels (1991: 104) offers the example of two Down Syndrome babies, one born with an obstructed intestine, and one born perfectly healthy in all other respects. In many cases, babies born with this condition are refused the simple operation that could cure it and so die. It does not seem right that an easily curable digestive ailment should determine whether the baby lives or dies. If Down Syndrome babies lives are judged to be not worth living, then both babies should die. If not, they should both be given medical treatment sufficient to ensure their survival. Accepting a distinction between active and passive euthanasia results in unacceptable inconsistencies in our treatment of such babies, and should therefore be abolished.
Mercy Killing or Euthanasia Essay Examples - Sample Essays
Analysing this argument logically, it seems difficult to see how permitting voluntary active euthanasia, for compassionate reasons, and respect for individual autonomy, could change attitudes to killings that do not demonstrate these qualities. As Beauchamp argues, if the principles we use to justify active euthanasia are just, then any further action inspired by these principles must also be just (1982: 251). If we examine what really happened in Nazi Germany, the facts do not seem to support this sensational claim. A totalitarian system and racial prejudice were more responsible for those tragic events than was any acceptance of euthanasia.
It is often argued that withdrawing or withholding treatment from a terminally ill patient can be justified, while actively killing such a patient to relieve their suffering cannot. The alleged distinction between the two is supported by intuitions that suggest killing is morally worse than allowing to die; however, examples used to demonstrate this often contain other morally relevant differences that make it appear this way. In reality, there does not seem to be any morally significant difference since the motivations and end results of active and passive euthanasia are the same, the only difference between the two is the means used to achieve death, which does not justify viewing them differently. It can be argued that we should nevertheless accept this distinction because it has beneficial consequences; however, these consequences are uncertain, and surely we should instead try to clarify our views of killing and find a less vulnerable position that better reflects our true feelings. We already permit passive euthanasia in some circumstances. Since active euthanasia seems morally equivalent to passive euthanasia, I believe that they can both be justified in some circumstances.
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Euthanasia Essay Sample | Custom essay
The following pro-life organizations oppose euthanasia in the United States and possess resources and experience that any anti-euthanasia activist will find useful. Those parents whose children are afflicted with handicaps may also want to consult the extensive list of organizations that support children with birth defects that is contained in Chapter 39 of Volume II, "Birth Defect Support Groups."
Argumentative Essay On Euthanasia
Beauchamp, T. (1982) 'A reply to Rachels on Active and Passive Euthanasia'. In T. Beauchamp & R. Walters (Eds.) Contemporary Issues in Bioethics (3rd ed.). Wadsworth: Belmont.
Burgess, J. (1993) 'The Great Slippery Slope Argument'. Journal of Medical Ethics, 19, pp. 169 175.
Gay-Williams, J. (1991) 'The wrongfulness of euthanasia' in J.E. White (Ed.) Contemporary Moral Problems (3rd ed.) pp. 99-102. West Publishing Co: St Pauls. Kuhse, H. 'Euthanasia', A Companion to Ethics.
Rachels, J. (1991) 'Active and Passive Euthanasia' in J.E. White (Ed.) Contemporary Moral Problems (3rd ed.) pp. 103-107. West Publishing Co: St Pauls.
Essay/Term paper: Euthanasia - Dream Essays
The HLC is an educational resource center with an extensive and up-to-date library of research materials and "Life Issue Files" drawn from various publications all over the world. The HLC is considered to be the national center of pro-life material on euthanasia, and offers a "Euthanasia Packet," which includes copies of materials that groups like the Hemlock Society and Americans Against Human Suffering use in their relentless drive to secure the 'right' to kill human beings. The HLC also publishes and the (formerly the ).
Essay Writing: Argumentative Essay: Euthanasia
Some philosophers (Beauchamp, 1982) who accept the arguments outlined above nevertheless believe that this distinction, however fallacious, should be maintained in public policy and law. They believe that consequentionalist arguments justify this. If we permitted active euthanasia, it is argued that this would undermine our belief in the sanctity of human life. This would begin our slide down a "slippery slope" (Burgess, 1993) that would end with us 'euthanasing' anyone seen as a threat or burden to society, as happened in Nazi Germany.
Euthanasia THE ESSAY by on Prezi
 The Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. "Declaration on Euthanasia." Paragraph I3. May 5, 1980. 14 pages. Order for 20 cents from the Daughters of St. Paul, 50 St. Paul's Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02130.
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