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After The Bomb: Survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki …
There were no significant international protests over the use of the atomic bomb in 1945. The vanquished were in no position to make them, and the world had little sympathy for an aggressive Japanese nation that had been responsible for the deaths of millions of people in Asia and the Pacific. From the beginning, however, many Americans thought that the atomic bombs had changed the world in a profound way, one that left them with a feeling of foreboding. The influential radio commentator H.V. Kaltenborn declared that “For all we know, we have created a Frankenstein,” and Norman Cousins, the editor of the Saturday Review of Literature, wrote a widely-cited editorial declaring that modern man was obsolete. In an article for the New Yorker (later published separately as Hiroshima ), the writer John Hersey put a human face on the casualty figures by detailing the horrible effects of the bomb on six Japanese civilians.
Chromosomes are present in constant numbers in the nuclei of cells, and can be seen as visible entities during cell division. The count in humans is a constant 46. Chromosome aberrations were first noted in exposed survivors in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1960. Subsequent systematic surveys revealed a high frequency of aberrations in blood cells and lymphocytes in fetuses exposed to large radiation doses in utero (in the womb) or soon after birth.
Description and explanation of the major themes of Hiroshima
The cenotaph for victims of the bombing is shaped like an enormous saddle, resembling the small clay saddles placed in ancient Japanese tombs; it contains a stone chest with a scroll listing the names of those killed. A commemorative service is held at the park every August 6th. The museum and cenotaph were designed by the Japanese architect Tange Kenzō, and two peace bridges at the park were sculpted by the American artist Isamu Noguchi. Millions of paper cranes, the Japanese symbol of longevity and happiness, are heaped about the Children’s Peace Memorial throughout the year; this tradition was inspired by a 12-year-old girl who contracted leukemia and died as an aftereffect of the bombing. Atomic Bomb Dome (Genbaku dōmu), which was designated a World Heritage site in 1996, is the remains of one of the few buildings not obliterated by the blast.
Besides high mortality rates, retarded growth and development was also indicated. Most notable in those exposed within 1.0–5.0 km of ground zero were retarded stature, underweight, and smaller head circumference, a condition called microcephaly, one of the most pathetic aftereffects of the atomic bombings, especially when accompanied by mental retardation.
Okinawa, Harry Truman, and the Atomic Bomb | VQR Online
Other critics argued that American diplomats had ulterior motives. The Soviet Union had entered the war against Japan, and the atomic bomb could be read as a strong message for the Soviets to tread lightly. In this respect, Hiroshima and Nagasaki may have been the first shots of the Cold War as well as the final shots of World War II. Regardless, the United States remains the only nation in the world to have used a nuclear weapon on another nation.
Two days later, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on , where 80,000 Japanese people perished.
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The Atomic Bomb: Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Doubts about the wisdom of using the atomic bomb grew in subsequent generations of Americans but were never accepted by a majority. Hersey and writers who followed him left the American public conversant with the awful facts of nuclear warfare. Critics of the Cold War increasingly took up the argument that the atomic bombs had not been necessary to compel Japan’s surrender but had been deployed to prevent Soviet entry into the Asian war or to provide the Soviet Union with a graphic example of the devastation it would face if it challenged American supremacy in the postwar world. In the minds of many Americans—and the citizens of other western nations—these two streams merged to create a powerful argument for banning atomic weapons. However, the Soviet Union’s possession of atomic weapons after 1949 constituted an even more compelling argument for holding on to them.
Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagsaki Pros and Cons;
By 1975 a total of 1,838 cases were diagnosed as leukemia in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Of these, 512 were exposed within 10 km from ground zero. Incidence peaked in 1951-52 in both cities.
Short Essay on Hiroshima Bombing? | Yahoo Answers
In Hiroshima, 85 of 98 A-bomb cataract cases were discovered in 869 survivors exposed within 1.0 km of ground zero. Between June 1953 and October 1954, some 116 patients with A-bomb cataracts were found among 435 survivors seen at the ophthalmology clinic of Hiroshima Red Cross Hospital. Of these, 87 were exposed within 2.0 km of ground zero; 30 were exposed beyond that distance.
Why America Bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki Essay …
It is possible to construct scenarios in which the use of the atomic bomb might have been avoided, but to most of the actors the events of 1945 had a grim logic that yielded no easy alternatives. No one will ever know whether the war would have ended quickly without the atomic bomb or whether its use really saved more lives than it destroyed. What does seem certain is that using it seemed the natural thing to do and that Truman’s overriding motive was to end the war as quickly as possible. In the decades following the end of the war there was increasing debate about the morality of using the atomic bomb, with opponents arguing that even if it did hasten the end of the war, its use was unjustified because of its horrific human consequences.
Why America Bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki Essay
In a cataract the ocular lens becomes opaque. This condition appeared a few years after the atomic bombings; the first was found in 1948 in Hiroshima; and the next, the following year in Nagasaki. Occurrence was related to age at time of exposure and distance from ground zero. Severe cases appeared earlier than mild cases.
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